The Galapagos National Park was founded in 1959 and became the country’s first national park. It covers about 7,995.4 km², 97% of the Galapagos Islands. The areas of the Galapagos National Park that you can visit are clearly delimited and distributed in almost all the greater islands of the archipelago. There are about 70 land visit sites and 62 marine visit sites. Most of the tourist sites accessible by sea wich is why tourism is developed mainly through organized groups. Each group goes with a guide authorized by the Park, and they arrive at the places of visit on board tourist boats. There are also sites in the four populated Islands (Santa Cruz, San Cristobal, Isabela and Floreana)with land access, where visitors are allowed without a guide
The island of Baltra, also named South Seymour in honor of the seafarer and British aristocrat Lord Hugh Seymour, is an island that is part of the Galapagos Islands archipielago. Baltra is a flat and dry island, surrounded by reefs and a few beaches. It has some vegetation such as the Opuntia Cactus and other small trees.
Floreana Island is the sixth largest island in square kilometers of the Ecuadorian archipelago of the Galapagos Islands. The island administratively belongs to the Parish called Santa Maria of the Canton of San Cristóbal in the Province of Galápagos in the town of Puerto Velasco Ibarra. Here, you can see pink flamingos and sea turtles nesting between December and May. You can also find a small population of Galapagos penguins. Another one of the destinations that can be seen on Floreana Island is the Crown of the Devil or Islote Onslow, a volcanic cone that emerges from the sea and whose impressive appearance awes the visitor.
The Charles Darwin Research Station is a biological research station operated by the Charles Darwin Foundation. The Charles Darwin Research Station is very close to the center of Puerto Ayora, where you can find several important services for the education and knowledge of the islands. Here you can find exhibition halls, with information about all the islands, the species that inhabit them and the conservation efforts that are carried out. The Station also has a turtle breeding center where the turtles are bred and then reintroduced to the islands, as well as turtle and iguana pens.
Fernandina Island is an island belonging to Ecuador, located in the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific Ocean, and is the third largest in the archipelago after the islands, Isabela and Santa Cruz. One of the most active volcanoes in the world is located on this island. It is the second highest island of the Galapagos with an elevation of 1494 meters above sea level. Fernandina is also one of the most active volcanic islands in the Galapagos Archipelago. There you can see marine iguanas, sea lions, pelicans and penguins.
Bahía Tortuga is located on the island of Santa Cruz in the Galapagos, Ecuador. Puerto Ayora can be explored in about 20 minutes on foot. Bahía Tortuga is a beautiful white sand beach, named for being a nesting site for the black tortoise. You can arrive via panga or walk from Puerto Ayora (2.5 km from Avenida Baltra to the end of the brave beach). Estimated walking time is 50 minutes. It is an ideal place for surfing and snorkeling.
Genovesa Island, is an Ecuadorian island of the Galapagos Islands archipelago located in the Pacific Ocean. Genovesa Island has the shape of a horseshoe. It has an area of 14 km2 and a maximum altitude of 76 meters. It was an immense volcano whose south wall collapsed, forming the Great Darwin Bay.. Surrounded by cliffs, and formed by a collapsed volcano, the huge bay dominates the island. There are two places to visit in Darwin Bay. The Prince Felipe Staircase (also called El Barranco) is located east of the bay (dry landing). A steep and rocky path leads to the 25m top where you will find tall rocks and seabirds that nest in this place and are sometimes found directly on the road.
Rábida Island, an Ecuadorian island part of the Galápagos Islands Archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, is located south of Santiago Island, northeast of Isabela, and northwest of Santa Cruz, about 965 km (600 miles) off the coast of Ecuador. Rábida is commonly considered the geographic center of the Galápagos Islands. Rábida is one of the most volcanically varied islands. Geologically it consists of eroded hills and lava emitted by splashes of cones that have emerged and created the island of colors. It is an uninhabited island, where you can enjoy its exceptional natural and animal beauty.
Caleta Tortuga Negra is a mangrove estuary on the northern coast of Santa Cruz Island in the Galapagos Islands in Ecuador. The national park has strict regulations to protect this pristine environment. It has a significant collection of mangrove. This is one of the places where several marine species such as black and green sea turtles breed. Here you can see three types of sharks: the black-finned shark, the Galapagos shark and the popular tintorera. Gold streaks can also be seen on certain occasions.
The Itabaca Canal is 800 kilometers off the mainland coast of Ecuador in the Galapagos Islands and is an important waterway that crosses between two islands, Baltra Island and Santa Cruz Island. It is necessary for tourists to cross the canal when arriving by airplane and landing in Baltra. The canal is also a starting point for many daily excursions by boat to different islands such as Bartolome, North Seymour and Plazas.